Incremental value of diastolic stress test in identifying subclinical heart failure in patients with diabetes mellitus. European heart journal cardiovascular Imaging Nishi, T., Kobayashi, Y., Christle, J. W., Cauwenberghs, N., Boralkar, K., Moneghetti, K., Amsallem, M., Hedman, K., Contrepois, K., Myers, J., Mahaffey, K. W., Schnittger, I., Kuznetsova, T., Palaniappan, L., Haddad, F. 2020

Abstract

Resting echocardiography is a valuable method for detecting subclinical heart failure (HF) in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). However, few studies have assessed the incremental value of diastolic stress for detecting subclinical HF in this population.Asymptomatic patients with Type 2 DM were prospectively enrolled. Subclinical HF was assessed using systolic dysfunction (left ventricular longitudinal strain <16% at rest and <19% after exercise in absolute value), abnormal cardiac morphology, or diastolic dysfunction (E/e' > 10). Metabolic equivalents (METs) were calculated using treadmill speed and grade, and functional capacity was assessed by percent-predicted METs (ppMETs). Among 161 patients studied (mean age of 59?±?11?years and 57% male sex), subclinical HF was observed in 68% at rest and in 79% with exercise. Among characteristics, diastolic stress had the highest yield in improving detection of HF with 57% of abnormal cases after exercise and 45% at rest. Patients with revealed diastolic dysfunction during stress had significantly lower exercise capacity than patients with normal diastolic stress (7.3?±?2.1 vs. 8.8?±?2.5, P? 10 (beta = -0.17) were independently associated with peak METs (combined R2 = 0.46). A network correlation map revealed the connectivity of peak METs and diastolic properties as central features in patients with DM.Diastolic stress test improves the detection of subclinical HF in patients with diabetes mellitus.

View details for DOI 10.1093/ehjci/jeaa070

View details for PubMedID 32386203