We previously demonstrated that in the DEFUSE 3 trial, the union of the baseline core and the 24-h Tmax>6s perfusion lesion predicts the infarct volume at 24h. Presently, we assessed if collateral robustness measured by the hypoperfusion intensity ratio (HIR) and cerebral blood volume (CBV) index accounts for the variance in these predictions. DEFUSE 3 patients underwent MRI/CT perfusion imaging at baseline and 24h post-randomization. We compared baseline and follow-up HIR and CBV index across subgroups stratified by differences between predicted and observed 24-h infarct volumes. Of 123 eligible patients, 34 with 24-h infarcts larger than predicted had less favorable collaterals at baseline (HIR 0.43 vs. 0.32, p=0.006; CBV Index 0.78 vs. 0.85, p=0.001) and 24h (HIR 0.56 vs. 0.07, p=0.004; CBV Index 0.47 vs. 0.73, p=0.006) compared to 71 patients with more accurate infarct volume prediction. Eighteen patients with 24-h infarcts smaller than predicted had similar baseline collateral scores but more favorable 24-h CBV indices (0.81 vs. 0.73, p=0.040). Overall, patients with 24-h infarcts larger than predicted had evidence of less favorable baseline collaterals that fail within 24h, while patients with 24-h infarcts smaller than predicted typically had favorable collaterals that persisted for 24h.
View details for DOI 10.1177/0271678X20918816
View details for PubMedID 32423329