Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has emerged as a safe and effective therapy for refractory Tourette syndrome (TS). Recent studies have identified several neural targets as effective in reducing TS symptoms with DBS, but, to our knowledge, none has compared the effectiveness of DBS with conservative therapy.A literature review was performed to identify studies investigating adult patient outcomes reported as Yale Global Tic Severity Scale (YGTSS) scores after DBS surgery, pharmacotherapy, and psychotherapy. Data were pooled using a random-effects model of inverse variance-weighted meta-analysis (n = 168 for DBS, n = 131 for medications, and n = 154 for behavioral therapy).DBS resulted in a significantly greater reduction in YGTSS total score (49.9 ± 17.5%) than pharmacotherapy (22.5 ± 15.2%, p = 0.001) or psychotherapy (20.0 ± 11.3%, p < 0.001), with a complication (adverse effect) rate of 0.15/case, 1.13/case, and 0.60/case, respectively.Our data suggest that adult patients with refractory TS undergoing DBS experience greater symptomatic improvement with surprisingly low morbidity than can be obtained with pharmacotherapy or psychotherapy.
View details for DOI 10.1159/000507059
View details for PubMedID 32434201