Bosniak Classification Version 2019 of Cystic Renal Masses Assessed With MRI. AJR. American journal of roentgenology Tse, J. R., Shen, J. n., Yoon, L. n., Kamaya, A. n. 2020: 1–7


OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to determine how use of Bosniak classification version 2019 affects categorization and overall accuracy of MRI evaluation of cystic renal masses with tissue pathologic analysis as the reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS. MR images of 50 consecutively registered patients with tissue pathologic results from 2005 to 2019 were retrospectively reviewed by two abdominal radiologists. Each radiologist independently assigned a category based on the original and Bosniak classification version 2019 systems. Interreader agreements (kappa statistic) for both were calculated, and consensus reading was performed. Tissue pathologic analysis was used as the reference standard to determine whether a lesion was benign or renal cell carcinoma. RESULTS. Fifty-nine cystic renal masses were characterized as 38 renal cell carcinomas and 21 benign lesions on the basis of the results of tissue pathologic analysis. By consensus, according to the original Bosniak criteria, the renal masses were classified into three category I, five category II, four category IIF, 25 category III, and 22 category IV lesions. By consensus, according to the version 2019 criteria, the renal masses were classified into three category I, two category II, 12 category IIF, 18 category III, and 24 category IV lesions. Overall sensitivity and specificity for identifying renal cell carcinoma were 95% and 81%, respectively, with the original classification system and 100% and 86%, respectively, with version 2019. Weighted interreader agreement was moderate for both the original system (? = 0.57) and version 2019 (? = 0.55). CONCLUSION. Use of Bosniak classification version 2019 system improves sensitivity and specificity for malignancy among cystic renal masses characterized with MRI. Most lesions that changed categories were reclassified as Bosniak category IIF.

View details for DOI 10.2214/AJR.19.22740

View details for PubMedID 32515608