Skip to main content
The effects of combination canagliflozin and glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist therapy on intermediate markers of cardiovascular risk in the CANVAS program. International journal of cardiology Arnott, C., Neuen, B. L., Heerspink, H. J., Figtree, G. A., Kosiborod, M., Lam, C. S., Cannon, C. P., Rosenthal, N., Shaw, W., Mahaffey, K. W., Jardine, M. J., Perkovic, V., Neal, B. 2020


BACKGROUND: Sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP1-RA) reduce cardiovascular events, and improve intermediate markers of cardiometabolic health, in those with type 2 diabetes. We investigated these effects in the CANVAS Program.METHODS AND RESULTS: The CANVAS Program comprised 2 double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trials (CANVAS and CANVAS-R) done in patients with type 2 diabetes and elevated cardiovascular risk. Effects were estimated using mixed-effects models for continuous measures and Cox regression models for other outcomes. Randomized treatment by subgroup interaction terms were used to compare effects of canagliflozin versus placebo across subgroups defined by baseline use of GLP1-RA. There were 10,142 participants, of whom 407 (4%) were using GLP1-RA therapy at baseline. Those using GLP1-RA at baseline were less likely to have a history of cardiovascular disease (60.4% vs 65.8%), had a longer duration of diabetes (15.2 vs 13.5?years) and a higher body mass index (BMI; 35.6 vs 31.8?kg/m2) but were otherwise similar. There were greater reductions with canagliflozin versus placebo for HbA1c (-0.75% versus -0.58%; P?=?.0091), SBP (-6.26 versus -3.83?mmHg; P?=?.0018), and body weight (-3.79 versus -2.18?kg; P?

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.ijcard.2020.06.011

View details for PubMedID 32569700