Timing of Flap Surgery in Acute Burn Patients Does Not Affect Complications. Journal of burn care & research : official publication of the American Burn Association Perrault, D. n., Rochlin, D. n., Pham, C. n., Momeni, A. n., Karanas, Y. n., Sheckter, C. C. 2020


Pedicled and free flaps are occasionally necessary to reconstruct complex wounds in acute burn patients. Flap coverage has classically been delayed for concern of progressive tissue necrosis and flap failure. We aim to investigate flap complications in primary burn care leveraging national US data.Acute burn patients with known % total body surface area(TBSA) were extracted from the Nationwide/National Inpatient Sample from 2002-2014 based on International Classification of Disease (ICD) Codes 9th edition. Variables included age, gender, race, Elixhauser index, %TBSA, mechanism, inhalation injury, and location of burn. Flap complication was defined by ICD-9 procedure code 86.75, return to OR for flap revision. Multivariable analysis evaluated predictors of flap compromise using stepwise logistic regression with backwards elimination.The weighted sample included 306,924 encounters of which 526 received a flap (0.17%). 7.8% of flap encounters sustained electric injury compared to 2.7% of non-flap encounters (OR 3.76, 95% CI 1.95-7.24, p<0.001). The mean hospital day of flap procedure was 10.1 (SD 10.7) days. Flap complications occurred in 6.4% of cases. The timing of flap coverage was not associated with complications. The only independent predictor of flap complication was electrical injury (OR 40.49, 95% OR 2.98-550.64, p=0.005).Electrical injury was an independent predictor of flap complications compared to other mechanisms. Flap timing was not associated with return to surgery for complications. This suggests that the use of flaps is safe in acute burn care to achieve burn wound closure with an understanding that electrical injuries may warrant particular consideration to avoid failure.

View details for DOI 10.1093/jbcr/iraa096

View details for PubMedID 32582915