Spinal surgery in adults can vary from simple to complex and can also have variable anticipated surgical blood loss. There are several factors that can put patients at increased risk for greater intraoperative blood loss. These factors, including a review of the literature, will be discussed.
View details for DOI 10.1007/s00586-004-0753-x
View details for PubMedID 15197630
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC3592187