Blood loss in adult spinal surgery. European spine journal : official publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society Hu, S. S. 2004; 13 Suppl 1: S3-5


Spinal surgery in adults can vary from simple to complex and can also have variable anticipated surgical blood loss. There are several factors that can put patients at increased risk for greater intraoperative blood loss. These factors, including a review of the literature, will be discussed.

View details for DOI 10.1007/s00586-004-0753-x

View details for PubMedID 15197630

View details for PubMedCentralID PMC3592187