Identification of p115 as a novel ACSL4 interacting protein and its role in regulating ACSL4 degradation. Journal of proteomics Sen, P. n., Kan, C. F., Singh, A. B., Rius, M. n., Kraemer, F. B., Sztul, E. n., Liu, J. n. 2020: 103926


Long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase 4 (ACSL4) is an ACSL family member that exhibits unique substrate preference for arachidonic acid. ACSL4 has a functional role in hepatic lipid metabolism, and is dysregulated in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Our previous studies demonstrated AA-induced ACSL4 degradation via the ubiquitin-proteasomal pathway (UPP). To characterize this unique mechanism, we applied proteomic approaches coupled with LC-MS/MS and identified the intracellular general vesicular trafficking protein p115 as the prominent ACSL4 interacting protein in HepG2 cells. Importantly, we found that AA greatly enhanced p115-ACSL4 association. Combined AA treatment with p115 knockdown suggested an additive role for p115 in AA-driven ACSL4 degradation. Furthermore, in vivo studies revealed a significant upregulation of p115 protein in the liver of mice fed a high fat diet that has been previously reported to induce downregulation of ACSL4 protein expression. This new finding has revealed a novel inverse correlation between ACSL4 and p115 proteins in the liver. p115 is crucial for ER-Golgi trafficking and Golgi biogenesis. Thus far, p115 has not been reported to interact with UPP proteins nor with FA metabolism enzymes. Overall, our current study provides a novel insight into the connection between ER-Golgi trafficking and UPP machinery with p115 as a critical mediator. SIGNIFICANCE: ACSL4 is uniquely regulated by its own substrate AA, and in this study, we have found that AA leads to an enhanced interaction of ACSL4 with a novel interacting partner, the intracellular vesicle trafficking protein p115. The latter is crucial for Golgi biogenesis and ER-Golgi transport and is not known to be associated with the ubiquitin-proteasome machinery or protein stability regulation until now. This study is the first report of a possible coordination of the protein secretion pathway and the UPP in regulating a key metabolic enzyme. Our study lays the foundation to this unique crosstalk between the two major cellular pathways- secretion and protein degradation and opens up a new avenue to explore this partnership in controlling hepatic lipid metabolism. Overall, the complete elucidation of the AA-mediated ACSL4 regulation will help identify key targets in participating pathways that can be further studied for the development of therapeutics against diseases such as NAFLD, NASH and hepatocarcinoma, which are associated with dysregulated ACSL4 function.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jprot.2020.103926

View details for PubMedID 32736139