18F-FDG-PET is complementary to conventional imaging in patients with clinical suspicion for exocrine pancreatic malignancies. It has similar if not superior sensitivity and specificity for detection of cancer, and when combined with contrast enhanced anatomic imaging of the abdomen, can improve diagnostic accuracy and aid in staging, assessment for resectability, radiation therapy planning, and prognostication. Various metabolic pathways affect FDG uptake in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. The degree of uptake reflects histopathology, aggressiveness, metastatic potential, and metabolic profile of malignant cell and their interaction with cancer stroma. After treatment, FDG-PET is useful for detection of residual or recurrent cancer and can be used to assess and monitor response to therapy in unresectable or metastatic disease. The degree and pattern of uptake combined with other imaging features are useful in characterization of incidental pancreatic lesions and benign processes such as inflammation. Several novel PET radiopharmaceuticals have been developed to improve detection and management of pancreatic cancer. Gallbladder carcinoma is typically FDG avid and when anatomic imaging is equivocal PET can be used to assess metastatic involvement with high specificity and inform subsequent management.
View details for DOI 10.1053/j.semnuclmed.2020.04.002
View details for PubMedID 32768007