The role of splenectomy to diagnose and treat hematologic disease continues to evolve. In this single-center retrospective review, we describe modern morbidity, mortality, and long-term outcomes associated with splenectomy for benign and malignant hematologic disorders.We analyzed all nontrauma splenectomies performed for benign or malignant hematologic disorders from January 2009 to September 2018. Variables collected included demographics, preexisting comorbidities, laboratory results, intra- and postoperative features, and long-term follow-up. Outcomes of interest included postoperative complications, 30-day mortality, and overall mortality.We identified 161 patients who underwent splenectomy for hematologic disorders. Median age was 54?years (range 19-94), and 83 (52%) were female. Splenectomy was performed for 95 (59%) patients with benign hematologic disorders and for 66 (41%) with malignant conditions. Most splenectomies were laparoscopic (76%), followed by laparoscopic hand assisted (11%), open (8%), and laparoscopic converted to open (6%). Median follow-up was 761?days (interquartile range: 179-2025?days). Major complications occurred in 21 (13%) patients. Three (2%) patients died within 30?days; 16 (9%) died more than 30?days after operation, none from surgical complications, with median time to death of 438?days (interquartile range: 231-1497?days). Among malignant cases, only preoperative thrombocytopenia predicted death (odds ratio?=?5.8, 95% confidence interval?=?1.1-31.8, P?=?.04). For benign cases, increasing age was associated with inferior survival (odds ratio?=?2.3, 95% confidence interval?=?1.0-5.1, P?=?.05).Splenectomy remains an important diagnostic and therapeutic option for patients with benign and malignant hematologic disorders and can be performed with a low complication rate. Despite considerable burden of comorbid disease in these patients, early postoperative mortality was uncommon.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.sopen.2020.06.004
View details for PubMedID 32939448
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC7479208