Hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD/sinusoidal obstructive syndrome) represents a constellation of clinical findings including right upper quadrant pain, jaundice, hepatomegaly, and ascites. In the post-hematopoietic stem cell transplant (SCT) setting, the reported incidence has been 10-15%, with severe VOD historically resulting in high mortality rates. Novel agents including calicheamicin conjugated with CD33 (gemtuzumab ozogamicin; GO) and CD22 (inotuzumab ozogamicin; InO) are increasingly used for the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia and acute lymphoblastic leukemia, respectively. Both GO and InO are highly active, but also have unique hepatotoxicity profiles, including a higher risk of VOD in recipients of SCT. Introduction of GO and InO into pre-SCT leukemia management adds additional complexity to SCT patient selection and toxicity monitoring. In this article, we describe and review the risks and management associated with VOD in SCT recipients exposed to GO and InO.
View details for DOI 10.1080/10428194.2020.1827247
View details for PubMedID 32988266