Background: There is ample evidence to show that supervised exercise is efficacious and cost effective for improving claudication symptoms in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). Home based exercise therapy can be an effective alternative to supervised exercise however, the results of this is variable depending on the level of motivation and engagement of the patient. Patients and methods: We performed a pilot study in 41 patients to determine whether a home based exercise program with the use of an activity tracking device with personalized feedback and financial incentives can increase daily activity, improve walking and sustain engagement in the exercise regimen in patients with PAD. In this randomized pilot study, the patients in the study group were fitted with an activity monitoring device and given behavioral monitoring, motivational updates and feedback regarding their exercise program. This study group was further divided in to two groups. One half of these patients in the study group were also given financial incentives if they reached their set targets. The control group wore the device with no feedback or ability to see their number of steps walked. Results: Results showed that at the end of the 12 week period, patients in the study groups walked more compared to the controls and the financial incentive structure resulted in an additional 38-63% increase in average daily steps. Conclusions: This pilot study revealed that a home-based exercise program with activity monitoring, feedback and financial incentives resulted increased daily steps, 6-minute walking distance and overall compliance with the program in PAD patients with claudication.
View details for DOI 10.1024/0301-1526/a000924
View details for PubMedID 33150850