Nivolumab with or without ipilimumab in patients with recurrent glioblastoma: results from exploratory phase I cohorts of CheckMate 143 NEURO-ONCOLOGY Omuro, A., Vlahovic, G., Lim, M., Sahebjam, S., Baehring, J., Cloughesy, T., Voloschin, A., Ramkissoon, S. H., Ligon, K. L., Latek, R., Zwirtes, R., Strauss, L., Paliwal, P., Harbison, C. T., Reardon, D. A., Sampson, J. H. 2018; 20 (5): 674–86


Immunotherapies have demonstrated efficacy across a diverse set of tumors supporting further evaluation in glioblastoma. The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety/tolerability and describe immune-mediated effects of nivolumab ± ipilimumab in patients with recurrent glioblastoma. Exploratory efficacy outcomes are also reported.Patients were randomized to receive nivolumab 3 mg/kg every 2 weeks (Q2W; NIVO3) or nivolumab 1 mg/kg + ipilimumab 3 mg/kg every 3 weeks (Q3W) for 4 doses, then nivolumab 3 mg/kg Q2W (NIVO1+IPI3). An alternative regimen of nivolumab 3 mg/kg + ipilimumab 1 mg/kg Q3W for 4 doses, then nivolumab 3 mg/kg Q2W (NIVO3+IPI1) was investigated in a nonrandomized arm.Forty patients were enrolled (NIVO3, n = 10; NIVO1+IPI3, n = 10; NIVO3+IPI1, n = 20). The most common treatment-related adverse events (AEs) were fatigue (NIVO3, 30%; NIVO1+IPI3, 80%; NIVO3+IPI1, 55%) and diarrhea (10%, 70%, 30%, respectively). AEs leading to discontinuation occurred in 10% (NIVO3), 30% (NIVO1+IPI3), and 20% (NIVO3+IPI1) of patients. Three patients achieved a partial response (NIVO3, n = 1; NIVO3+IPI1, n = 2) and 8 had stable disease for =12 weeks (NIVO3, n = 2; NIVO1+IPI3, n = 2; NIVO3+IPI1, n = 4 [Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology criteria]). Most patients (68%) had tumor-cell programmed death ligand-1 expression =1%. Immune-mediated effects mimicking radiographic progression occurred in 2 patients.Nivolumab monotherapy was better tolerated than nivolumab + ipilimumab; the tolerability of the combination was influenced by ipilimumab dose. These safety and exploratory findings merit further investigation of immunotherapies in glioblastoma.

View details for DOI 10.1093/neuonc/nox208

View details for Web of Science ID 000430161300012

View details for PubMedID 29106665

View details for PubMedCentralID PMC5892140