Objective Medial sphenoid wing meningiomas (SWMs) are relatively common tumors that are associated with significant morbidity and mortality, primarily from their anatomic proximity to many critical neurological and vascular structures. A major complication is visual deterioration. This study aimed to identify predictors of visual outcome following medial SWM resection. Design Retrospective, stepwise multivariate proportional hazards regression analysis. Setting Johns Hopkins Hospital. Participants All patients who underwent medial SWM resection from 1998 to 2009. Main Outcome Measures Visual function. Results Sixty-five medial SWM resections were performed. After multivariate proportional hazards regression analysis, preoperative visual decline (relative risk [RR] 95% confidence interval [CI]; 13.431 [2.601 to 46.077], p?=?0.006), subtotal resection (RR [95% CI]; 3.717 [1.204 to 13.889], p?=?0.02), and repeat surgery (RR [95% CI]; 5.681 [1.278 to 19.802], p?=?0.03) were found to be independent predictors of visual decline at last follow-up. Tumor recurrence and postoperative radiation therapy trended toward, but did not reach statistical significance. Conclusion These findings advocate for early and aggressive surgical intervention for patients with medial SWMs to maximize the likelihood of subsequent visual preservation. This may provide patients and physicians with prognostic information that may guide medical and surgical therapy for patients with medial SWMs.
View details for DOI 10.1055/s-0032-1321510
View details for Web of Science ID 000321270900005
View details for PubMedID 24083123
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC3578636