BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In the SENSCIS trial in patients with systemic sclerosis-associated interstitial lung disease (SSc-ILD), nintedanib reduced the rate of decline in forced vital capacity (FVC) (mL/year) over 52 weeks by 44% in comparison with placebo, with manageable adverse events in most patients. We analyzed the efficacy and safety of nintedanib in patients of Asian race.METHODS: Patients with SSc-ILD were randomized to receive nintedanib or placebo. The outcomes over 52 weeks were analyzed in Asian versus non-Asian patients.RESULTS: Of the 288 patients in each treatment group, 62 (21.5%) in the nintedanib group and 81 (28.1%) in the placebo group were Asian; 90.2% of the Asian patients were enrolled in Asian countries. In the placebo group, the rate of FVC decline over 52 weeks was consistent between Asian and non-Asian patients (-99.9 and -90.6mL/year, respectively). The effect of nintedanib on reducing the rate of FVC decline over 52 weeks was consistent between Asian (difference, 44.3mL/year [95% CI: -32.8, 121.4]) and non-Asian patients (difference, 39.0mL/year [95% CI: -5.1, 83.1]) (treatment-by-time-by-subgroup interaction, p=0.91). Diarrhea was the most frequent adverse event and was reported in similar proportions of Asian and non-Asian patients in the nintedanib group (80.6% and 74.3%, respectively) and placebo group (28.4% and 32.9%, respectively).CONCLUSIONS: In patients with SSc-ILD, nintedanib had a consistent benefit on slowing the progression of SSc-ILD in Asian and non-Asian patients, with a similar adverse event profile.TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02597933.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.resinv.2020.10.005
View details for PubMedID 33223487