MS-CAM: Multi-Scale Class Activation Maps for Weakly-Supervised Segmentation of Geographic Atrophy Lesions in SD-OCT Images IEEE JOURNAL OF BIOMEDICAL AND HEALTH INFORMATICS Ma, X., Ji, Z., Niu, S., Leng, T., Rubin, D. L., Chen, Q. 2020; 24 (12): 3443–55


As one of the most critical characteristics in advanced stage of non-exudative Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD), Geographic Atrophy (GA) is one of the significant causes of sustained visual acuity loss. Automatic localization of retinal regions affected by GA is a fundamental step for clinical diagnosis. In this paper, we present a novel weakly supervised model for GA segmentation in Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography (SD-OCT) images. A novel Multi-Scale Class Activation Map (MS-CAM) is proposed to highlight the discriminatory significance regions in localization and detail descriptions. To extract available multi-scale features, we design a Scaling and UpSampling (SUS) module to balance the information content between features of different scales. To capture more discriminative features, an Attentional Fully Connected (AFC) module is proposed by introducing the attention mechanism into the fully connected operations to enhance the significant informative features and suppress less useful ones. Based on the location cues, the final GA region prediction is obtained by the projection segmentation of MS-CAM. The experimental results on two independent datasets demonstrate that the proposed weakly supervised model outperforms the conventional GA segmentation methods and can produce similar or superior accuracy comparing with fully supervised approaches. The source code has been released and is available on GitHub: jizexuan/Multi-Scale-Class-Activation-Map-Tensorflow.

View details for DOI 10.1109/JBHI.2020.2999588

View details for Web of Science ID 000597173000011

View details for PubMedID 32750923