New Onset Diabetes Mellitus After Adult Heart Transplantation and the Risk of Renal Dysfunction or Mortality. Transplantation Vest, A. R., Cherikh, W. S., Noreen, S. M., Stehlik, J., Khush, K. K. 2021


BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) may occur either pre-heart transplant (HT) or as new onset DM post-HT. We sought to define the contemporary incidence of post-HT DM, evaluate risk factors for post-HT DM, and assess the impact of post-HT DM on major outcomes.METHODS: The cohort included International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation (ISHLT) Thoracic Organ Transplant Registry adult primary HT-alone recipients, transplanted January 1995-June 2017, who survived to 1 year post-HT. DM status was characterized as (1) No DM pre- or post-HT; (2) Pre-HT DM; or (3) Post-HT DM (onset within 5 years of HT). Cox proportional hazards models were constructed to identify risk factors for post-HT DM onset, as well as risk factors for post-HT severe renal dysfunction and death/retransplantation.RESULTS: Of 26 263 eligible subjects, 57% had no DM pre- or post-HT, 22% had pre-HT DM; 21% had new onset post-HT DM. Risk factors for the development of post-HT DM included use of tacrolimus or steroids at 1-year post-HT, as well as with higher recipient age, female sex, ischemic cardiomyopathy, higher body mass index (BMI), pre-HT dialysis, and pre-HT steroid use. Post-HT DM within 5 years was associated with increased subsequent severe renal dysfunction (hazard ratio, HR, 1.89; 95% CI 1.77, 2.01) and death/retransplantation (HR 1.38; 95% CI 1.32, 1.45), compared to patients without post-HT DM.CONCLUSIONS: Post-HT DM is common, occurring in 21% of recipients within 5 years of HT. Post-HT DM is associated with increased risk of severe renal dysfunction and death or retransplantation.

View details for DOI 10.1097/TP.0000000000003647

View details for PubMedID 33496556