The need for polygenic score reporting standards in evidence-based practice: lipid genetics use case. Current opinion in lipidology Wand, H. n., Knowles, J. W., Clarke, S. L. 2021


Polygenic scores (PGS) are used to quantify the genetic predisposition for heritable traits, with hypothesized utility for personalized risk assessments. Lipid PGS are primed for clinical translation, but evidence-based practice changes will require rigorous PGS standards to ensure reproducibility and generalizability. Here we review applicable reporting and technical standards for dyslipidemia PGS translation along phases of the ACCE (Analytical validity, Clinical validity, Clinical utility, Ethical considerations) framework for evaluating genetic tests.New guidance suggests existing standards for study designs incorporating the ACCE framework are applicable to PGS and should be adopted. One recent example is the Clinical Genomics Resource (ClinGen) and Polygenic Score Catalog's PRS reporting standards, which define minimal requirements for describing rationale for score development, study population definitions and data parameters, risk model development and application, risk model evaluation, and translational considerations, such as generalizability beyond the target population studied.Lipid PGS are likely to be integrated into clinical practice in the future. Clinicians will need to be prepared to determine if and when lipid PGS is useful and valid. This decision-making will depend on the quality of evidence for the clinical use of PGS. Establishing reporting standards for PGS will help facilitate data sharing and transparency for critical evaluation, ultimately benefiting the efficiency of evidence-based practice.

View details for DOI 10.1097/MOL.0000000000000733

View details for PubMedID 33538426