Perfusion imaging-based tissue-level collaterals predict ischemic lesion net water uptake in patients with acute ischemic stroke and large vessel occlusion. Journal of cerebral blood flow and metabolism : official journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism Faizy, T. D., Kabiri, R., Christensen, S., Mlynash, M., Kuraitis, G., Broocks, G., Hanning, U., Nawabi, J., Lansberg, M. G., Marks, M. P., Albers, G. W., Fiehler, J., Wintermark, M., Heit, J. J. 2021: 271678X21992200


Ischemic lesion Net Water Uptake (NWU) quantifies cerebral edema formation and likely correlates with the microvascular perfusion status of patients with acute ischemic stroke due to large vessel occlusion (AIS-LVO). We hypothesized that favorable tissue-level collaterals (TLC) predict less NWU and good functional outcomes. We performed a retrospective multicenter analysis of AIS-LVO patients who underwent thrombectomy triage. TLC were measured on cerebral perfusion studies using the hypoperfusion intensity ratio (HIR; volume ratio of brain tissue with [Tmax>10sec/Tmax>6sec]); favorable TLC were regarded as HIR = 0.4. NWU was determined using a quantitative densitometry approach on follow-up CT. Primary outcome was NWU. Secondary outcome was a good functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale [mRS] 0-2).580 patients met inclusion criteria. Favorable TLC (beta: 4.23, SE: 0.65; p<0.001) predicted smaller NWU after treatment. Favorable TLC (OR: 2.35, [95% CI: 1.31-4.21]; p<0.001), and decreased NWU (OR: 0.75, [95% CI: 0.70-0.79]; p<0.001) predicted good functional outcome, while controlling for age, glucose, CTA collaterals, baseline NIHSS and good vessel reperfusion status.We conclude that favorable TLC predict less ischemic lesion NWU after treatment in AIS-LVO patients. Favorable TLC and decreased NWU were independent predictors of good functional outcome.

View details for DOI 10.1177/0271678X21992200

View details for PubMedID 33557694