Prevalence of Postprostatectomy Incontinence Requiring Anti-incontinence Surgery After Radical Prostatectomy for Prostate Cancer: A Retrospective Population-Based Analysis. International neurourology journal Kim, J. H., Jeong, I. G., Khandwala, Y. S., Hernandez-Boussard, T., Brooks, J. D., Chung, B. I. 2021


Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of surgery for post-prostatectomy incontinence (PI) following minimally invasive surgery compared to conventional open surgery for prostate cancer.Methods: This retrospective cohort study used the Florida State Ambulatory Surgery and State Inpatient Databases, 2008 to 2010, RP patients were identified using ICD-9/10 procedure codes and among this cohort PI was identified also using ICD-9/10 codes. Surgical approaches included Minimally invasive (robotic or laparoscopic) vs. open (retropubic or perineal) RP. The primary outcome was the overall prevalence of surgery for PI. The secondary outcome was the association of PI requiring anti-incontinence surgery with the surgical approach for RP.Results: Among the 13535 patients initially included in the study (mean age, 63.3 years), 6932 (51.2%) underwent open RP and 6603 (49.8%) underwent minimally invasive RP. The overall prevalence of surgical procedures for PI during the observation period among the all patients who had received RP was 3.3%. The rate of PI surgery for patients receiving minimally invasive surgery was higher than that for patients receiving open surgery (4.8% vs. 3.0%; risk difference, 1.8%; 95% CI, 0.3% to 3.4%). The adjusted prevalence of PI surgery for patients who had undergone laparoscopic RP was higher than that for those with retropubic RP (8.6% vs. 3.7%).Conclusions: Among patients undergoing RP for prostate cancer, the prevalence of PI surgery is not negligible. Patients undergoing minimally invasive RP had higher adjusted rates for PI surgery compared to open approaches, which was attributed to high rate of PI surgery following laparoscopic approach and low rate of PI surgery following perineal approach. More studies are needed to establish strategies to reduce the rate of PI surgery after RP.

View details for DOI 10.5213/inj.2040296.148

View details for PubMedID 33705635