Purpose: Management of patients with refractory mycosis fungoides and Sezary syndrome (SS) is often challenging, as available therapies lack durable response and consistent activity across disease compartments. Combining low-dose total skin electron beam therapy (LD-TSEBT) upfront with mogamulizumab could optimize the clinical outcome of these patients. LD-TSEBT is effective in clearing skin disease, and mogamulizumab is an antitumor immunotherapy with long-term tolerability, suggesting its potential as a maintenance therapy after maximal response. We examine the combination regimen in patients with SS who were previously treated.Methods and Materials: Two patients with SS were treated with combination LD-TSEBT and mogamulizumab. Both patients received mogamulizumab 1 mg/kg weekly * 4 and then bi-weekly; LD-TSEBT (12 Gy) was initiated within 2 days of starting mogamulizumab and given over 2-3 weeks. Safety and clinical response were evaluated.Results: Total skin electron beam therapy plus mogamulizumab (TSE-Moga) was well-tolerated without any unanticipated adverse events. Patient 1 (T4N2bM0B2) was a 63-year-old woman with 4 prior systemic therapies; time to global response with TSE-Moga was 9 weeks. Patient 2 (T4NxM0B2) was a 75-year-old man with 5 prior systemic therapies; time to global response was 4 weeks. Both patients lacked global response to their prior therapies but achieved global complete response (blood and skin) with TSE-Moga. After a follow-up of 72 weeks and 43 weeks, respectively, global complete response continued.Conclusions: TSE-Moga demonstrated excellent tolerability and promising clinical activity with ongoing global complete responses in 2 patients with refractory SS. This encouraging experience supports our ongoing clinical trial evaluating the efficacy and safety of TSE-Moga in mycosis fungoides and SS.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.adro.2020.11.014
View details for PubMedID 33748543