Use of Navigation-Enhanced Instrumentation to Mitigate Surgical Outliers During Total Knee Arthroplasty ORTHOPEDICS Mooney, J. A., Bala, A., Denduluri, S. K., Lichstein, P. M., Kleimeyer, J. P., Lundergan, W. G., Snyder, B. M., Huddleston, J. I., Amanatullah, D. F. 2021; 44 (1): 54–57


Computer-assisted orthopedic surgery improves mechanical alignment and the accuracy of surgical cuts in the context of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). A simplified, navigation-enhanced instrumentation system was assessed to determine whether the same effects could be achieved with a less intrusive system. Two cohorts of surgeons (experienced and trainees) performed a series of TKA cuts using models with and without navigation-enhanced instrumentation. The accuracy of each system was determined via the rate of outliers, measured as any cut that deviated from the planned cut by more than 2° or 2 mm. The effect of experience level was limited, with only the outlier rate for tibial varus or valgus measurement showing a significant difference between user groups with conventional instrumentation (P=.004). The use of navigation-enhanced instrumentation significantly reduced the total outlier rate compared with conventional instrumentation from 35% to 4% for experienced users (P<.001) and from 34% to 10% for trainees (P<.001). These results suggest that navigation-enhanced instrumentation is a viable alternative to conventional instrumentation to reduce outlier rates and improve cut accuracy. This trial also showed that additional experience may not correlate with improved surgical accuracy. Outliers may not reflect individual surgical ability as much as limitations of the instrumentation or other unidentified factors. [Orthopedics. 2021;44(1):54-57.].

View details for DOI 10.3928/01477447-20201012-01

View details for Web of Science ID 000623233600036

View details for PubMedID 33089338