To test the performance of a deep learning (DL) model in predicting atrial fibrillation (AF) at routine nongated chest CT.A retrospective derivation cohort (mean age, 64 years; 51% female) consisting of 500 consecutive patients who underwent routine chest CT served as the training set for a DL model that was used to measure left atrial volume. The model was then used to measure atrial size for a separate 500-patient validation cohort (mean age, 61 years; 46% female), in which the AF status was determined by performing a chart review. The performance of automated atrial size as a predictor of AF was evaluated by using a receiver operating characteristic analysis.There was good agreement between manual and model-generated segmentation maps by all measures of overlap and surface distance (mean Dice = 0.87, intersection over union = 0.77, Hausdorff distance = 4.36 mm, average symmetric surface distance = 0.96 mm), and agreement was slightly but significantly greater than that between human observers (mean Dice = 0.85 [automated] vs 0.84 [manual]; P = .004). Atrial volume was a good predictor of AF in the validation cohort (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve = 0.768) and was an independent predictor of AF, with an age-adjusted relative risk of 2.9.Left atrial volume is an independent predictor of the AF status as measured at routine nongated chest CT. Deep learning is a suitable tool for automated measurement.© RSNA, 2019See also the commentary by de Roos and Tao in this issue.
View details for DOI 10.1148/ryct.2019190057
View details for PubMedID 33778529
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC7977801