CT-based True- and False-Lumen Segmentation in Type B Aortic Dissection Using Machine Learning. Radiology. Cardiothoracic imaging Hahn, L. D., Mistelbauer, G., Higashigaito, K., Koci, M., Willemink, M. J., Sailer, A. M., Fischbein, M., Fleischmann, D. 2020; 2 (3): e190179


Purpose: To develop a segmentation pipeline for segmentation of aortic dissection CT angiograms into true and false lumina on multiplanar reformations (MPRs) perpendicular to the aortic centerline and derive quantitative morphologic features, specifically aortic diameter and true- or false-lumen cross-sectional area.Materials and Methods: An automated segmentation pipeline including two convolutional neural network (CNN) segmentation algorithms was developed. The algorithm derives the aortic centerline, generates MPRs orthogonal to the centerline, and segments the true and false lumina. A total of 153 CT angiograms obtained from 45 retrospectively identified patients (mean age, 50 years; range, 22-79 years) were used to train (n = 103), validate (n = 22), and test (n = 28) the CNN pipeline. Accuracy was evaluated by using the Dice similarity coefficient (DSC). Segmentations were then used to derive the maximal diameter of test-set patients and cross-sectional area profiles of the true and false lumina.Results: The segmentation pipeline yielded a mean DSC of 0.873 ± 0.056 for the true lumina and 0.894 ± 0.040 for the false lumina of test-set cases. Automated maximal diameter measurements correlated well with manual measurements (R 2 = 0.95). Profiles of cross-sectional diameter, true-lumen area, and false-lumen area over several follow-up examinations were derived.Conclusion: A segmentation pipeline was used to accurately identify true and false lumina on CT angiograms of aortic dissection. These segmentations can be used to obtain diameter and other morphologic parameters for surveillance and risk stratification.Supplemental material is available for this article.© RSNA, 2020.

View details for DOI 10.1148/ryct.2020190179

View details for PubMedID 33778582