Computational prediction of protein subdomain stability in MYBPC3 enables clinical risk stratification in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and enhances variant interpretation. Genetics in medicine : official journal of the American College of Medical Genetics Thompson, A. D., Helms, A. S., Kannan, A., Yob, J., Lakdawala, N. K., Wittekind, S. G., Pereira, A. C., Jacoby, D. L., Colan, S. D., Ashley, E. A., Saberi, S., Ware, J. S., Ingles, J., Semsarian, C., Michels, M., Mazzarotto, F., Olivotto, I., Ho, C. Y., Day, S. M. 2021


PURPOSE: Variants in MYBPC3 causing loss of function are the most common cause of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). However, a substantial number of patients carry missense variants of uncertain significance (VUS) in MYBPC3. We hypothesize that a structural-based algorithm, STRUM, which estimates the effect of missense variants on protein folding, will identify a subgroup of HCM patients with a MYBPC3 VUS associated with increased clinical risk.METHODS: Among 7,963 patients in the multicenter Sarcomeric Human Cardiomyopathy Registry (SHaRe), 120 unique missense VUS in MYBPC3 were identified. Variants were evaluated for their effect on subdomain folding and a stratified time-to-event analysis for an overall composite endpoint (first occurrence of ventricular arrhythmia, heart failure, all-cause mortality, atrial fibrillation, and stroke) was performed for patients with HCM and a MYBPC3 missense VUS.RESULTS: We demonstrated that patients carrying a MYBPC3 VUS predicted to cause subdomain misfolding (STRUM+, DeltaDeltaG = -1.2kcal/mol) exhibited a higher rate of adverse events compared with those with a STRUM- VUS (hazard ratio=2.29, P=0.0282). In silico saturation mutagenesis of MYBPC3 identified 4,943/23,427 (21%) missense variants that were predicted to cause subdomain misfolding.CONCLUSION: STRUM identifies patients with HCM and a MYBPC3 VUS who may be at higher clinical risk and provides supportive evidence for pathogenicity.

View details for DOI 10.1038/s41436-021-01134-9

View details for PubMedID 33782553