BACKGROUND: Young adult (YA) survivors of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) are at risk for late psychosocial challenges, including inability to return to work post-HCT. However, work-related outcomes in this population remain understudied.OBJECTIVES: To assess the post-HCT work status of survivors of allogeneic HCT who underwent HCT as YA and analyze the patient-, disease-, and HCT-related factors associated with their work status at 1-year post-HCT.STUDY DESIGN: Using the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research (CIBMTR) data, we described post-HCT work status (full-time, part-time work, unemployed, and medical disability) of YA HCT survivors (N=1365) who underwent HCT between 2008 and 2015. Percentages of work status categories were reported at four timepoints: 6-months, 1-, 2-, and 3-year post-HCT. Percentages of post-HCT work status categories at the 1-year timepoint were also described in relation to survivors' pre-HCT work status categories. Factors associated with 1-year post-HCT work status (full-time or part-time work) were examined using logistic regression.RESULTS: From 6 months to 3 years post-HCT, the percentage of survivors working full-time and part-time increased from 18.3% to 50.7%, and from 6.9% to 10.5%, respectively. Of patients in full-time work pre-HCT, 50% were unemployed or on medical disability at 1-year post-HCT. Female sex (Odds ratio [OR] 0.55; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.40-0.77), HCT-comorbidity index (HCT-CI) score =3 (OR 0.57; 95% CI 0.39-0.82), pre-HCT unemployment (OR 0.37; 95% CI 0.24-0.56), and medical disability (OR 0.44; 95% CI 0.28-0.70), development of grade 3-4 acute graft vs. host disease (OR 0.52; 95% CI 0.34-0.80), and relapse within one-year post-HCT (OR 0.34; 95% CI 0.21-0.56) were associated with lower likelihood of employment at 1-year post-HCT. Compared to myeloablative conditioning with total body irradiation (TBI), myeloablative conditioning without TBI (OR 1.71; 95% CI 1.16-2.53) was associated with higher likelihood of employment at 1-year post-HCT. Graduate school level education (OR 2.47; 95% CI 1.49-4.10) was also associated with higher likelihood of employment at 1-year post-HCT.CONCLUSIONS: While the work status among YA HCT survivors continued to improve over time, a substantial subset became or remained unemployed or on medical disability. These findings underscore the need for effective return to work supportive interventions in this population.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jtct.2021.04.013
View details for PubMedID 33895402