Body composition in adults infected with human immunodeficiency virus in Khon Kaen, Thailand AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE Ludy, M. J., Hendricks, K., Houser, R., Chetchotisakd, P., Mootsikapun, P., Anunnatsiri, S., Price, E., Wanke, C. A. 2005; 73 (4): 815-819


A cross-sectional study of 77 patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in Khon Kaen, Thailand examined association of nutritional status with active opportunistic infections (AOIs)/HIV status and assessed degree of correlation between bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and anthropometry. Many patients (41.3%) were malnourished using World Health Organization criteria for underweight, and malnutrition was associated with AOI status. Unconditional odds ratios (P < 0.05) for AOI as opposed to no AOI were 4.57 for underweight, 9.87 for severe underweight, 2.55 for triceps < 10th percentile, and 5.22 for mid-arm circumference < 10th percentile. Body fat composition from BIA, anthropometry, and body mass index were moderate to highly correlated (P < 0.001), with the highest correlation between BIA and subscapular skinfold (r = 0.86) and the lowest between BIA and triceps skinfold (r = 0.54). Insights were gained about relative value of using various measurements to assess nutritional status of HIV-infected populations.

View details for DOI 10.4269/ajtmh.2005.73.815

View details for Web of Science ID 000232548600030

View details for PubMedID 16222031