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MR perfusion imaging: Half-dose gadolinium is half the quality. Journal of neuroimaging : official journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging Heit, J. J., Christensen, S., Mlynash, M., Marks, M. P., Faizy, T. D., Lansberg, M. G., Wintermark, M., Bammer, R., Albers, G. W. 2021


BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patients with acute ischemic stroke due to a large vessel occlusion (AIS-LVO) undergo emergent neuroimaging triage for thrombectomy treatment. MRI is often utilized for this evaluation, and cerebral magnetic resonance perfusion (MRP) imaging is used to identify the presence of the salvageable penumbra. To determine if dose reduction is feasible, we assessed whether a half-dose reduction in gadobenate provided sufficient MRP quality in AIS-LVO patients.METHODS: A prospective observational study of all patients presenting to our neurovascular referral center with AIS-LVO was performed. MRP was done with a half-dose of gadolinium (0.1 ml/kg body weight) over a period of 10 months. MRP images were compared to a consecutive historical cohort of full-dose gadolinium (0.2 ml/kg body weight) MRP studies and rated for image quality (poor, borderline, or good) that determined thrombectomy eligibility.RESULTS: Fifty-four half-dose and 127 full-dose patients were included. No differences in patient demographics or stroke presentation details were identified. MRP quality differed between half- and full-dose scans (p < 0.001), which were rated as poor (40.7% vs. 6.3%), borderline (18.5% vs. 26.8%), and good quality (40.7% vs. 66.9%), respectively. MRP image quality was then dichotomized into poor and sufficient (borderline and good) quality groups; half-dose studies were more likely to have poor quality compared to full-dose studies (40.7% vs. 6.3%; p < 0.001).CONCLUSIONS: Half-dose gadolinium administration for MRP in AIS-LVO patients results in poor image quality in a substantial number of studies. MR cerebral perfusion performed with half-dose gadolinium may adversely affect stroke patient triage for thrombectomy.

View details for DOI 10.1111/jon.12879

View details for PubMedID 34002424