Fumarate Hydratase Deficiency Should be Considered in the Differential Diagnosis of Uterine and Extrauterine Smooth Muscle Tumors of Uncertain Malignant Potential (STUMP). International journal of gynecological pathology : official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists Pors, J., Weiel, J. J., Devereaux, K. A., Folkins, A. K., Longacre, T. A. 2021


Fumarate hydratase-deficient leiomyomas (dFH leiomyomas) often display atypical pathologic features yet exhibit a benign clinical course. Recent data suggest that dFH leiomyomas may be misclassified as smooth muscle tumors of uncertain malignant potential, a category that encompasses a heterogenous subgroup of uterine neoplasms with smooth muscle differentiation and atypical features that impart ambiguity regarding their expected clinical behavior. dFH leiomyomas can be seen in the context of hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell carcinoma syndrome or in the sporadic setting. In this retrospective study, we sought to examine the prevalence and clinicopathologic characteristics of dFH leiomyomas in 48 tumors previously diagnosed as smooth muscle tumors of uncertain malignant potential from 38 patients. Of these 48 tumors, 3 (6.3%) occurring in 2 patients were found to be deficient for FH by immunohistochemistry, including 1 uterine and 2 extrauterine (abdominopelvic) tumors. The 3 tumors showed histologic features typical of dFH leiomyomas, including hemangiopericytoma-like vessels, edema, macronucleoli, and atypia. Neither patient developed recurrent leiomyomas or renal cell carcinoma, and both were alive without disease at last follow-up. Our data suggest that dFH leiomyomas should be considered in the differential diagnosis of smooth muscle tumors of uncertain malignant potential, even in the context of extrauterine disease. Identification of FH deficiency in these tumors supports their classification as dFH leiomyomas despite their atypical morphologic features and/or clinical presentation. Importantly, detection of dFH in these cases may identify women at increased risk for hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell carcinoma who would benefit from genetic counseling and consideration for FH germline testing.

View details for DOI 10.1097/PGP.0000000000000797

View details for PubMedID 34108400