Female Sexual Function During the COVID-19 Pandemic in the United States. Sexual medicine Bhambhvani, H. P., Chen, T., Kasman, A. M., Wilson-King, G., Enemchukwu, E., Eisenberg, M. L. 2021; 9 (4): 100355


INTRODUCTION: International studies have demonstrated increasing rates of sexual dysfunction amidst the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic; however, the impact of the pandemic on female sexual function in the United States is unknown.AIM: To assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on female sexual function and frequency in the United States.METHODS: A pre-pandemic survey containing the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and demographic questions was completed by adult women in the United States from October 20, 2019 and March 1, 2020. The same women were sent a follow-up survey also containing the FSFI, as well as the Patient Health Questionnaire for Depression and Anxiety with 4 items (PHQ-4), and questions pertaining to mask wearing habits, job loss, and relationship changes. Risk for female sexual dysfunction (RFSD) was defined as FSFI < 26.55.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Differences in pre-pandemic and intra-pandemic female sexual function, measured by the FSFI, and sexual frequency.RESULTS: Ninety-one women were included in this study. Overall FSFI significantly decreased during the pandemic (27.2 vs 28.8, P=.002), with domain-specific decreases in arousal (4.41 vs 4.86, P=.0002), lubrication (4.90 vs 5.22, P=.004), and satisfaction (4.40 vs 4.70, P=.04). There was no change in sexual frequency. Contingency table analysis of RFSD prior to and during the pandemic revealed significantly increased RFSD during the pandemic (P=.002). Women who developed RFSD during the pandemic had higher PHQ-4 anxiety subscale scores (3.74 vs 2.53, P=.01) and depression subscale scores (2.74 vs 1.43, P=.001) than those who did not. Development of FSD was not associated with age, home region, relationship status, mask wearing habits, knowing someone who tested positive for COVID-19, relationship change, or job loss and/or reduction during the pandemic.CONCLUSION: In this population of female cannabis users, risk for sexual dysfunction increased amidst the COVID-19 pandemic and is associated with depression and anxiety symptoms. Bhambhvani HP, Chen T, Wilson-King AM, etal. Female Sexual Function During the COVID-19 Pandemic in the United States. Sex Med 2021;9:100355.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.esxm.2021.100355

View details for PubMedID 34174585