OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this survey was to gauge the current global trends in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) as reported by the members of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Study Group (SG).METHODS: A survey was created and distributed among the members of the ACL SG consisting of 87 questions and 16 categories related to ACLR, including member demographics, preoperative management, primary ACLR techniques and graft choice, use of concomitant procedures and biological augmentation, postoperative rehabilitation, and more.RESULTS: The survey was completed by the 140 members of the ACL SG. Fifty per cent of members are from Europe, 29% from the USA, 15% from the Asia-Pacific and the remaining 6% are from Latin America, the Middle East, New Zealand and Africa. Most (92%) do not believe there is a role for non-operative management of ACL tears in higher level athletes; conversely, most agree there is a role for non-operative management in lower impact athletes (92%). A single-bundle (90%) technique with hamstring autograft (53%) were most common for primary ACLR. Tunnel position varied among respondents. Sixty-one per cent do not use allograft for primary ACLR. Fifty per cent of respondents use cortical suspensory fixation on the femur, with variable responses on the tibia. Most (79%) do not use biologics in primary ACLR, while 83% think there is a selective role for extra-articular augmentation in primary ACLR. Fifty per cent prefer bone-tendon-bone autograft for revision ACLR and extra-articular augmentation is more commonly used (13% always, 26% often) than in primary ACLR (0% always, 15% often). A majority (53%) use a brace after primary ACLR. The most common responses for minimal time to return to play after primary ACLR were 6-8 months (44%) and 8-12 months (41%).CONCLUSION: We presented the thoughts and preferences of the ACL SG on the management of ACL injuries. This survey will help to facilitate an ongoing discussion with regard to ACLR by providing global insights into the current surgical trends in ACLR.LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V, Expert Opinion.
View details for DOI 10.1136/jisakos-2020-000567
View details for PubMedID 34272329