EGFR exon 20 Insertion NSCLC and Response to Platinum-Based Chemotherapy. Clinical lung cancer Shah, M. P., Aredo, J. V., Padda, S. K., Ramchandran, K. J., Wakelee, H. A., Das, M. S., Neal, J. W. 2021


INTRODUCTION: In classical EGFR mutant non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy yields better outcomes than platinum-based chemotherapy. However, EGFR exon 20 insertion (ex20ins) NSCLC is relatively resistant to currently available EGFR TKIs. Though platinum-based chemotherapy is the frontline standard of care for EGFR ex20ins NSCLC, its efficacy is not fully described.STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective, single-center, case series METHODS: Patients were identified through an electronic research database at a single institution and included if they had advanced EGFR ex20ins NSCLC, received platinum-based chemotherapy for metastatic disease, and had scans evaluable for response. Each patient's demographics, tumor characteristics, and clinical course were recorded. Treatment response was evaluated using RECIST v1.1 criteria, and the PFS was calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method.RESULTS: Among 27 patients identified with EGFR ex20ins NSCLC at our institution, 18 (67%) received platinum-based chemotherapy for metastatic disease and had scans evaluable for response. These patients received platinum-based chemotherapy in the first-line (N=17, 94%) and second-line settings (N=1, 6%). The objective response rate (ORR) to platinum-based chemotherapy was 39% (7 of 18 patients; 95% confidence interval [CI] 16-61). The median PFS with platinum-based chemotherapy was 7.1 months (95% CI, 6.3 -13.7), and the median overall survival was 3.2 years (95% CI, 1.92 - NR).CONCLUSIONS: The efficacy of platinum-based chemotherapy in EGFR ex20ins NSCLC is similar to that expected for TKI sensitive EGFR mutant NSCLC. Novel agents designed to specifically target ex20ins mutant EGFR should additionally improve outcomes.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.cllc.2021.07.001

View details for PubMedID 34391686