The impact of osteoporosis on adult deformity surgery outcomes in Medicare patients. European spine journal : official publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society Varshneya, K., Bhattacharjya, A., Jokhai, R. T., Fatemi, P., Medress, Z. A., Stienen, M. N., Ho, A. L., Ratliff, J. K., Veeravagu, A. 2021


OBJECTIVE: To identify the impact of osteoporosis (OS) on postoperative outcomes in Medicare patients undergoing ASD surgery.BACKGROUND: Patients with OP and advanced age experience higher than average rates of ASD. However, poor bone density could undermine the durability of a deformity correction.METHODS: We queried the MarketScan Medicare Supplemental database to identify patients Medicare patients who underwent ASD surgery from 2007 to 2016.RESULTS: A total of 2564 patients met the inclusion criteria of this study, of whom n=971 (61.0%) were diagnosed with osteoporosis. Patients with OP had a similar 90-day postoperative complication rates (OP: 54.6% vs. non-OP: 49.2%, p=0.0076, not significant after multivariate regression correction). This was primarily driven by posthemorrhagic anemia (37.6% in OP, vs. 33.1% in non-OP). Rates of revision surgery were similar at 90days (non-OP 15.0%, OP 16.8%), but by 2years, OP patients had a significantly higher reoperation rate (30.4% vs. 22.9%, p<0.0001). In multivariate regression analysis, OP increased odds for revision surgery at 1year (OR 1.4) and 2years (OR 1.5) following surgery (all p<0.05). OP was also an independent predictor of readmission at all time points (90days, OR 1.3, p<0.005).CONCLUSION: Medicare patients with OP had elevated rates of complications, reoperations, and outpatient costs after undergoing primary ASD surgery.

View details for DOI 10.1007/s00586-021-06985-z

View details for PubMedID 34655336