Cerebral venous outflow profiles are associated with the first pass effect in endovascular thrombectomy. Journal of neurointerventional surgery van Horn, N., Heit, J. J., Kabiri, R., Mader, M. M., Christensen, S., Mlynash, M., Broocks, G., Meyer, L., Nawabi, J., Lansberg, M. G., Albers, G. W., Wintermark, M., Fiehler, J., Faizy, T. D. 2021


BACKGROUND: Recent studies found that favorable venous outflow (VO) profiles are associated with higher reperfusion rates after mechanical thrombectomy (MT) in patients with acute ischemic stroke due to large vessel occlusion (AIS-LVO). Fewer retrieval attempts and first-pass revascularization during MT lead to better functional outcomes.OBJECTIVE: To examine the hypothesis that favorable VO profiles assessed on baseline CT angiography (CTA) images correlate with successful vessel reperfusion after the first retrieval attempt and fewer retrieval attempts.METHODS: A multicenter retrospective cohort study of patients with AIS-LVO treated by MT. Baseline CTA was used to determine the cortical vein opacification score (COVES). Favorable VO was defined as COVES =3. Primary outcomes were successful with excellent vessel reperfusion status, defined as Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction (TICI) 2b/3 and 2c/3 after first retrieval attempt.RESULTS: 617 patients were included in this study, of whom 205 (33.2%) had first pass reperfusion. In univariate analysis, ordinal COVES (p=0.011) values were significantly higher in patients with first pass than in those with non-first pass reperfusion, while the number of patients exhibiting favorable pial arterial collaterals using the Maas scale on CTA did not differ (p=0.243). In multivariable logistic regression analysis, higher COVES were independently associated with TICI 2b/3 (OR=1.25, 95%CI 1.1 to 1.42; p=0.001) and TICI 2c/3 (OR=1.2, 95%CI 1.04 to 1.36; p=0.011) reperfusion after one retrieval attempt, controlling for penumbra volume and time from symptom onset to vessel reperfusion.CONCLUSIONS: Favorable VO, classified as higher COVES, is independently associated with successful and excellent first pass reperfusion in patients with AIS-LVO treated by endovascular thrombectomy.

View details for DOI 10.1136/neurintsurg-2021-018078

View details for PubMedID 34750110