SNAP25 mutation disrupts metabolic homeostasis, steroid hormone production and central neurobehavior. Biochimica et biophysica acta. Molecular basis of disease Hao, X., Zhu, B., Yang, P., Dong, D., Sahbaie, P., Oliver, P. L., Shen, W., Azhar, S., Kraemer, F. B. 2021: 166304


OBJECTIVE: SNAP-25 is one of the key proteins involved in formation of soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (SNARE) complexes that are at the core of hormonal secretion and synaptic transmission. Altered expression or function of SNAP-25 can contribute to the development of neuropsychiatric and metabolic disease. A dominant negative (DN) I67T missense mutation in the b-isoform of SNAP-25 (DN-SNAP25mut) mice leads to abnormal interactions within the SNARE complex and impaired exocytotic vesicle recycling, yet the significance of this mutation to any association between the central nervous system and metabolic homeostasis is unknown.METHODS: Here we explored aspects of metabolism, steroid hormone production and neurobehavior of DN-SNAP25mut mice.RESULTS: DN-SNAP25mut mice displayed enhanced insulin function through increased Akt phosphorylation, alongside increased adrenal and gonadal hormone production. In addition, increased anxiety behavior and beigeing of white adipose tissue with increased energy expenditure were observed in mutants.CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that SNAP25 plays an important role in bridging central neurological systems with peripheral metabolic homeostasis, and provide potential insights between metabolic disease and neuropsychiatric disorders in humans.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.bbadis.2021.166304

View details for PubMedID 34826585