A phase 2, randomized multi oral immunotherapy with Omalizumab 'real life' study. Allergy Sindher, S. B., Kumar, D., Cao, S., Purington, N., Long, A., Sampath, V., Zedeck, S. S., Woch, M. A., Garcia-Lloret, M., Chinthrajah, R. S. 2022


Oral immunotherapy (OIT) is frequently discontinued due to adverse events (AEs) and current data suggests that lowering OIT doses can minimize severity and frequency of AEs. However, the minimum daily dose that can enable desensitization and induce immune responses in multi-food OIT (mOIT) is unknown.Participants aged 2-25 years with multi-food allergies were pretreated with fixed dose omalizumab (150 mg, 3 doses, every 4 weeks), and randomized 1:1 to receive mOIT to a total maintenance dose of either 300 or 1200 mg total protein, (total dose includes at least two and up to a max of five allergens) and then transitioned to real food protein equivalents after 18 weeks of treatment. The primary endpoint was the proportion of subjects with increases in IgG4/IgE ratio of at least 2 allergens by =25% from baseline after 18 weeks of therapy. The primary efficacy and safety analyses was done in the intention-to-treat population.Sixty participants were enrolled across two sites. Seventy percent of participants in both arms showed changes in sIgG4/sIgE ratio in at least 2 allergens with no difference between the treatment groups (OR (95% CI) =1.00 (0.29, 3.49)). Overall, there were no differences in AEs between the 300 and 1200 mg groups (19% vs. 17%, P = 0.69), respectively.Our data suggests that plasma marker changes are induced early, even at a total protein dose of 300 mg inclusive of multiple allergens when mOIT is combined with fixed dose omalizumab. Identification of optimal mOIT dosing with adjunct omalizumab is needed for the long-term success of OIT.

View details for DOI 10.1111/all.15217

View details for PubMedID 35014049