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Perinatal infection, inflammation, preterm birth, and brain injury: A review with proposals for future investigations. Experimental neurology Reiss, J. D., Peterson, L. S., Nesamoney, S. N., Chang, A. L., Pasca, A. M., Maric, I., Shaw, G. M., Gaudilliere, B., Wong, R. J., Sylvester, K. G., Bonifacio, S. L., Aghaeepour, N., Gibbs, R. S., Stevenson, D. K. 2022: 113988


Preterm newborns are exposed to several risk factors for developing brain injury. Clinical studies have suggested that the presence of intrauterine infection is a consistent risk factor for preterm birth and white matter injury. Animal models have confirmed these associations by identifying inflammatory cascades originating at the maternofetal interface that penetrate the fetal blood-brain barrier and result in brain injury. Acquired diseases of prematurity further potentiate the risk for cerebral injury. Systems biology approaches incorporating ante- and post-natal risk factors and analyzing omic and multiomic data using machine learning are promising methodologies for further elucidating biologic mechanisms of fetal and neonatal brain injury.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.expneurol.2022.113988

View details for PubMedID 35081400