Economic Issues in Heart Failure in the United States. Journal of cardiac failure Heidenreich, P. A., Fonarow, G. C., Opsha, Y., Sandhu, A. T., Sweitzer, N. K., Warraich, H. J. 1800


The cost of heart failure care is high due to cost of hospitalization and chronic treatments. Heart failure treatments vary in their benefit and cost. The cost-effectiveness of therapies can be determined by comparing the cost of treatment required to obtain a certain benefit, often defined as an increase in one year of life. This review was sponsored by the Heart Failure Society of America and describes the growing economic burden of heart failurefor patientsand the health care system in the UnitedStates. It also provides a summary of the cost-effectiveness of drugs, devices, diagnostic tests, hospital care, and transitions of care for patients with heart failure. Many medications that are no longer under patent are inexpensive and highly cost-effective. These include ACE inhibitors, beta-blockers and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists. In contrast, more recently developed medications and devices, vary in cost effectiveness, and often have high out of pocket expenses for patients.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.cardfail.2021.12.017

View details for PubMedID 35085762