Sex differences in cortical thickness and diffusion properties in patients with traumatic brain injury: a pilot study. Brain injury Adamson, M. M., Main, K., Harris, O. A., Kang, X. 1800: 1-15


OBJECTIVE: Cortical thickness and diffusion properties are important measures of gray and white matter integrity in those with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Many studies show that healthy adult females have greater cortical thickness than males across numerous brain sites. In this study, we explored this sex difference in patients with TBI.METHOD: Participants consisted of 32 patients with TBI and 21 neurologically healthy controls. All were scanned by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Differences in cortical thickness and diffusion properties were examined between groups (i.e., TBI/control, male/female).RESULTS: Patients with TBI had more cortical thinning (both hemispheres) compared to controls. They also showed decreased fractional anisotropy (FA) for several major white matter tracts. Healthy females had significantly greater cortical thickness compared to healthy males. However, this difference was smaller among the patients with TBI. We found no sex differences in diffusion properties. There were moderate correlations between cortical thickness, diffusion properties, and cognitive performance, as measured by the Trail Making Test B.CONCLUSION: These findings contribute to a growing discussion on sex differences in cortical thickness and diffusion properties. Sexual dimorphism could necessitate different clinical profiles, targets, and rehabilitation strategies in patients with TBI.

View details for DOI 10.1080/02699052.2022.2034046

View details for PubMedID 35113752