Any health care system that strives to deliver good health and well-being to its population relies on a trained workforce. The aim of this study was to enumerate surgical provider density, describe operative productivity and assess the association between key surgical system characteristics and surgical provider productivity in Liberia.A nationwide survey of operation theatre logbooks, available human resources and facility infrastructure was conducted in 2018. Surgical providers were counted, and their productivity was calculated based on operative numbers and full-time equivalent positions.A total of 286 surgical providers were counted, of whom 67 were accredited specialists. This translated into a national density of 1.6 specialist providers per 100,000 population. Non-specialist physicians performed 58.3 percent (3607 of 6188) of all operations. Overall, surgical providers performed a median of 1.0 (IQR 0.5-2.7) operation per week, and there were large disparities in operative productivity within the workforce. Most operations (5483 of 6188) were categorized as essential, and each surgical provider performed a median of 2.0 (IQR 1.0-5.0) different types of essential procedures. Surgical providers who performed 7-14 different types of essential procedures were more than eight times as productive as providers who performed 0-1 essential procedure (operative productivity ratio?=?8.66, 95% CI 6.27-11.97, P?
View details for DOI 10.1007/s00268-021-06379-8
View details for Web of Science ID 000722959500001
View details for PubMedID 34839375
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC8803679