Importance: Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is frequently caused by genetic factors. Studies identifying deleterious rare variants have predominantly focused on early-onset cases, and little is known about the genetic underpinnings of the growing numbers of patients with DCM who are diagnosed when they are older than 60 years (ie, late-onset DCM).Objective: To investigate the prevalence, type, and prognostic impact of disease-associated rare variants in patients with late-onset DCM.Design, Setting, and Participants: A population of patients with late-onset DCM who had undergone genetic testing in 7 international tertiary referral centers worldwide were enrolled from March 1990 to August 2020. A positive genotype was defined as the presence of pathogenic or likely pathogenic (P/LP) variants.Main Outcomes and Measures: The study outcome was all-cause mortality.Results: A total of 184 patients older than 60 years (103 female [56%]; mean [SD] age, 67 years; mean [SD] left ventricular ejection fraction, 32%[10%]) were studied. Sixty-six patients (36%) were carriers of a P/LP variant. Titin-truncating variants were the most prevalent (present in 46 [25%] of the total population and accounting for 46 [69%] of all genotype-positive patients). During a median (interquartile range) follow-up of 42 (10-115) months, 23 patients (13%) died; 17 (25%) of these were carriers of P/LP variants, while 6 patients (5.1%) were genotype-negative.Conclusions and Relevance: Late-onset DCM might represent a distinct subgroup characterized by and a high genetic variation burden, largely due to titin-truncating variants. Patients with a positive genetic test had higher mortality than genotype-negative patients. These findings support the extended use of genetic testing also in older patients.
View details for DOI 10.1001/jamacardio.2021.5890
View details for PubMedID 35138330