A Prospective Study of Male Depression, Psychotropic Medication Use, and Fecundability. American journal of men's health Yland, J. J., McKinnon, C. J., Hatch, E. E., Eisenberg, M. L., Nillni, Y. I., Rothman, K. J., Wise, L. A. 2022; 16 (1): 15579883221075520


We examined the associations of male depression and psychotropic medication use with fecundability in a North American preconception cohort study (2013-2020). Men aged =21 years completed a baseline questionnaire with questions on history of diagnosed depression, the Major Depression Inventory (MDI), and psychotropic medication use. Pregnancy status was updated via bimonthly female follow-up questionnaires until pregnancy or 12 menstrual cycles, whichever occurred first. Analyses were restricted to 2,398 couples attempting conception for =6 menstrual cycles at entry. We fit proportional probabilities models to estimate fecundability ratios (FRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs), adjusting for age (male and female), education, (male and female), race/ethnicity, physical activity, alcohol intake, body mass index, smoking, and having previously impregnated a partner. Nearly 12% of participants reported a depression diagnosis; 90.6% had low depressive symptoms (MDI <20), 3.5% had mild symptoms (MDI: 20-24), 2.7% had moderate symptoms (MDI: 25-29), and 3.3% had severe symptoms (MDI: =30). A total of 8.8% of participants reported current use of psychotropic medications. History of depression was associated with slightly reduced fecundability, although this result was also reasonably compatible with chance (FR = 0.89; 95% CI: [0.76, 1.04]). FRs for mild, moderate, and severe compared with low depressive symptoms were 0.89 (95% CI: [0.66, 1.21]), 0.90 (95% CI: [0.62, 1.31]), and 0.88 (95% CI: [0.65, 1.20]), respectively. This indicates little evidence of a dose-response relationship for depressive symptoms with fecundability, although estimates were imprecise. Current psychotropic medication use mediated 44% of the association between depressive symptoms and fecundability.

View details for DOI 10.1177/15579883221075520

View details for PubMedID 35144505