Patients with initially uncomplicated typeB aortic dissection (uTBAD) remain at high risk for developing late complications. Identification of morphologic features for improving risk stratification of these patients requires automated segmentation of computed tomography angiography (CTA) images. We developed three segmentation models utilizing a 3D residual U-Net for segmentation of the true lumen (TL), false lumen (FL), and false lumen thrombosis (FLT). Model 1 segments all labels at once, whereas model 2 segments them sequentially. Best results for TL and FL segmentation were achieved by model 2, with median (interquartiles) Dice similarity coefficients (DSC) of 0.85 (0.77-0.88) and 0.84 (0.82-0.87), respectively. For FLT segmentation, model 1 was superior to model 2, with median (interquartiles) DSCs of 0.63 (0.40-0.78). To purely test the performance of the network to segment FLT, a third model segmented FLT starting from the manually segmented FL, resulting in median (interquartiles) DSCs of 0.99 (0.98-0.99) and 0.85 (0.73-0.94) for patent FL and FLT, respectively. While the ambiguous appearance of FLT on imaging remains a significant limitation for accurate segmentation, our pipeline has the potential to help in segmentation of aortic lumina and thrombosis in uTBAD patients.Clinical relevance- Most predictors of aortic dissection (AD) degeneration are identified through anatomical modeling, which is currently prohibitive in clinical settings due to the timeintense human interaction. False lumen thrombosis, which often develops in patients with type B AD, has proven to show significant prognostic value for predicting late adverse events. Our automated segmentation algorithm offers the potential of personalized treatment for AD patients, leading to an increase in long-term survival.
View details for DOI 10.1109/EMBC46164.2021.9631067
View details for PubMedID 34892087