Infant infections, respiratory symptoms, and allergy in relation to timing of rice cereal introduction in a United States cohort. Scientific reports Moroishi, Y., Signes-Pastor, A. J., Li, Z., Cottingham, K. L., Jackson, B. P., Punshon, T., Madan, J., Nadeau, K., Gui, J., Karagas, M. R. 2022; 12 (1): 4450


Rice products marketed in the USA, including baby rice cereal, contain inorganic arsenic, a putative immunotoxin. We sought to determine whether the timing of introduction of rice cereal in the first year of life influences occurrence of infections, respiratory symptoms, and allergy. Among 572 infants from the New Hampshire Birth Cohort Study, we used generalized estimating equation, adjusted for maternal smoking during pregnancy, marital status, education attainment, pre-pregnancy body mass index, maternal age at enrollment, infant birth weight, and breastfeeding history. Among 572 infants, each month earlier of introduction to rice cereal was associated with increased risks of subsequent upper respiratory tract infections (relative risk, RR?=?1.04; 95% CI: 1.00-1.09); lower respiratory tract infections (RR?=?1.19; 95% CI: 1.02-1.39); acute respiratory symptoms including wheeze, difficulty breathing, and cough (RR?=?1.10; 95% CI: 1.00-1.22); fever requiring a prescription medicine (RR?=?1.22; 95% CI: 1.02-1.45) and allergy diagnosed by a physician (RR?=?1.20; 95% CI: 1.06-1.36). No clear associations were observed with gastrointestinal symptoms. Our findings suggest that introduction of rice cereal earlier may influence infants' susceptibility to respiratory infections and allergy.

View details for DOI 10.1038/s41598-022-08354-2

View details for PubMedID 35292690