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Melanotic schwannoma is an extremely rare schwannoma variant with malignant potential, demonstrating high local and distant recurrence. Given the paucity of data, recommended treatment with localized disease is radical resection, with the unclear benefit of adjuvant therapy.We present a case of an 18-year-old female with no past medical history or genetic syndromeswho underwent margin-positive resection of an S1 nerve root melanotic schwannoma followed by adjuvant stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). SRS was delivered without acute or late toxicity by 2.5 years post-treatment. She remains without evidence of recurrent disease, although longer follow-up is needed given the risk of late recurrence. Our case adds to the limited literature documenting the efficacy of adjuvant radiotherapy in melanotic schwannoma and is the first to describe the successful use of SRS for this rare disease.
View details for DOI 10.7759/cureus.22849
View details for PubMedID 35399431