The relationship between antiseizure drugs and movement disorders is complex and not adequately reviewed so far. Antiseizure drugs as a treatment for tremor and other entities such as myoclonus and restless leg syndrome is the most common scenario, although the scientific evidence supporting their use is variable. However, antiseizure drugs also represent a potential cause of iatrogenic movement disorders, with parkinsonism and tremor the most common disorders. Many other antiseizure drug-induced movement disorders are possible and not always correctly identified. This review was conducted by searching for all the possible combinations between 15 movement disorders (excluding ataxia) and 24 antiseizure drugs. The main objective was to describe the movement disorders treated and worsened or induced by antiseizure drugs. We also summarized the proposed mechanisms and risk factors involved in the complex interaction between antiseizure drugs and movement disorders. Antiseizure drugs mainly used to treat movement disorders are clonazepam, gabapentin, lacosamide, levetiracetam, oxcarbazepine, perampanel, phenobarbital, pregabalin, primidone, topiramate, and zonisamide. Antiseizure drugs that worsen or induce movement disorders are cenobamate, ethosuximide, felbamate, lamotrigine, phenytoin, tiagabine, and vigabatrin. Antiseizure drugs with a variable effect on movement disorders are carbamazepine and valproate while no effect on movement disorders has been reported for brivaracetam, eslicarbazepine, lacosamide, and stiripentol. Although little information is available on the adverse effects or benefits on movement disorders of newer antiseizure drugs (such as brivaracetam, cenobamate, eslicarbazepine, lacosamide, and rufinamide), the evidence collected in this review should guide the choice of antiseizure drugs in patients with concomitant epilepsy and movement disorders. Finally, these notions can lead to a better understanding of the mechanisms involved in the pathophysiology and treatments of movement disorders.
View details for DOI 10.1007/s40263-022-00937-x
View details for PubMedID 35861924