The obesity epidemic has profoundly impacted the epidemiology and trends of liver disease. In the current era, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) progressing to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) has emerged as the second leading indication for liver transplant (LT) and has been associated with the rising rates of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with and without underlying cirrhosis. Obesity has been associated with poor post-transplant outcomes including lower patient and graft survival; higher risk of post-operative metabolic complications; poor wound healing; and higher infection rates. Bariatric surgery is currently the most effective management of morbid obesity and has been offered to patients both in the pre and post LT setting. The techniques attempted in LT recipients most commonly include sleeve gastrectomy (SG), gastric bypass surgery with few cases of gastric banding and biliopancreatic diversion. However, there is lack of evidence-based data on the optimal management for patients with obesity and who are liver transplant candidates and/or recipients. In the following discussion, we present the highlights from a review of the literature.
View details for DOI 10.21037/tgh-2020-14
View details for PubMedID 35892056
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC9257534