In the past decade, alcohol-related liver disease (ALD) has become the leading indication for liver transplantation (LT) in the United States. Despite this major development, there still remains some controversy in a distinct subset of this patient population, those presenting with alcoholic hepatitis (AH). There is significant debate within the transplant community regarding acceptance criteria for patients with AH requiring LT, especially those with less than 6 months of sobriety. With that being said, LT in the setting of ALD and AH has shown an improvement in survival rates; additionally, many studies have reported that careful selection of patients with ALD has produced excellent post-transplant outcomes even if transplant occurred with less than 6 months of sobriety. In this review, we aim to discuss the ethical and allocation-associated issues that arise when considering ALD and/or AH for LT; furthermore, we delve into the history, controversies, current guidelines, and future directions of LT in this subgroup.
View details for DOI 10.21037/tgh-2020-13
View details for PubMedID 35892052
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC9257533