Posttreatment FDG-PET/CT Hopkins criteria predict locoregional recurrence after definitive radiotherapy for oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Head & neck Miller, J. A., Moradi, F., Sundaram, V., Liang, R., Zhang, C., Nguyen, N. K., Akhtar, F., Liu, Y., Ren, Y., Harandi, N., Weng, Y., Pollom, E. L., Colevas, A. D., Divi, V., Holsinger, F. C., Beadle, B. M., Le, Q., Gensheimer, M. F. 2022


BACKGROUND: Metabolic response assessment for oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) aids in identifying locoregional persistence/recurrence (LRR). The Hopkins Criteria are a standardized qualitative response assessment system using posttreatment FDG-PET/CT.METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients with node-positive OPSCC treated with definitive (chemo)radiotherapy. We assessed Hopkins Criteria performance for LRR, then developed and validated a competing-risks model.RESULTS: Between 2004 and 2018, 259 patients were included with median follow-up of 43months. The Hopkins Criteria sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, and accuracy were 68%, 88%, 95%, and 85%. The 36-month cumulative incidence of LRR was greater with positive scores (45% vs. 5%, HR 12.60, p<0.001). PET/CTs performed =10weeks after radiotherapy were associated with a four-fold increase in pathologically negative biopsies/surgeries (36% vs. 9%, p=0.03). The AUC for LRR was 0.89 using a model integrating the Hopkins score.CONCLUSIONS: The Hopkins Criteria predict LRR with high accuracy for OPSCC response assessment.

View details for DOI 10.1002/hed.27160

View details for PubMedID 35920790