The effect of hyperoxia on ventilation during recovery from general anesthesia: A randomized pilot study for a parallel randomized controlled trial. Journal of clinical anesthesia Doufas, A. G., Tian, L., Kutscher, S., Finnsson, E., Ágústsson, J. S., Chung, B. I., Panousis, P. 2022; 83: 110982


While supplemental O2 inhalation corrects hypoxemia, its effect on post-anesthesia ventilation remains unknown. This pilot trial tested the hypothesis that hyperoxia increases the time spent with a transcutaneous PCO2 (TcPCO2) > 45 mmHg, compared with standard O2 supplementation.Single-blinded, parallel two-arm randomized pilot trial.University hospital.20 patients undergoing robotic-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy.After institutional approval and informed consent, patients were randomized to receive O2 titrated to arterial saturation (SpO2): 90-94% (Conservative O2, N =10), or to SpO2 > 96% (Liberal O2, N = 10) for up to 90 min after anesthesia. Continuous TcPCO2, respiratory inductance plethysmography (RIP), and SpO2, were recorded. We calculated the percentage of time at TcPCO2 > 45 mmHg for each patient and compared the two groups using analysis of covariance, adjusting for sex, age, and body mass index. We also estimated the sample size required to detect the between-group difference observed in this pilot trial. RIP signals were used to calculate apnea/hypopnea index (AHI), which was then compared between two groups.The mean percentage of time with a TcPCO2 > 45 mmHg was 80.6% for the Conservative O2 (N=9) and 61.2% for the Liberal O2 (N=10) group [between-group difference of 19.4% (95% CI: -18.7% to 57.6%), P = 0.140]. With an observed effect size of 0.73, we estimated that 30 participants per group are required, to demonstrate this difference with a power of 80% at a two-sided alpha of 5%. Means SpO2 were 94.5% and 99.9% for the Conservative O2 and the Liberal O2 groups, respectively. AHI was significantly higher in the Conservative O2, compared with the Liberal O2 group (median AHI: 16 vs. 3; P = 0.0014).Hyperoxia in the post-anesthesia period reduced the time spent at TcPCO2 > 45 mmHg and significantly decreased AHI, while mean SpO2 ranged inside the a priori defined identifier: NCT04723433.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jclinane.2022.110982

View details for PubMedID 36265267